Orthopedics Causes and Treatment
Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis with several causes and treatment methods. The most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Arthritis is caused by a fault in the immune system that causes the body to attack the tissues in the joints. This may be inherited genetically.
Other forms of arthritis can be caused by problems with the immune system or metabolic conditions, such as gout.
Signs & Symptoms:
- Joint Stiffness
- Gland swelling
- Weight loss
- Numbness and Tingling
Medications and Treatment of Arthritis:
Weight loss, regular exercise healthy diets, and balanced weight reduce the risk of arthritis. For instance, choosing diets including antioxidants such as fresh fruits, herbs may reduce inflammation.
Besides this there is number of medicine regarding arthritis which are:
- Anti Inflammatory Drugs
- Menthol or Capsaicin
Apart from medicine, sometimes surgery can be a good option or you can go for physiotherapy.
Traumatic fracture is a fracture due to sustained trauma. For instance fractures caused by a fall, road accident, fight, etc. The external or internal bones fracture in the number of ways (cross-wise, lengthwise, multiple wise.)
Here are the causes of Traumatic bone fractures:
- Sporting injuries
- Vehicles accidents
- Fall from a height
Sign & Symptoms of Traumatic Fracture:
- Mishap pen of limb joints – open or compound fracture
- Pain, ranging from low, mild & eventually severe
- Restricted movement
- Swelling, bruising, or tenderness near the fracture.
Medications and Treatment
Doctors or Orthopedic surgeons diagnose in a number of ways. For instance, you may have to go through X-Ray, CT Scan or MRI.
The Ortho Surgeon may suggest you some medications or you have to go for some surgery. However, broken bones took a bit of time to recover fully in strength, movement, and sensitivity.
Your treatments and medications depend on how severe is your fracture.
Bursitis is a painful condition that affected the joints. It causes due to the inflammation in this sac due to trauma or infection.
Bursa sac is a part around the end of some bone filled with fluid that works as a shock absorber.
It is relatively a common condition. However several people treat it at home as medicine suggested by chemists and do not see an orthopedic doctor. And eventually, they put themselves in trouble.
Bursitis can occur and causes due to several reasons
- Strenuous and repeated physical activity
- Injury or trauma
- Rheumatic conditions
- Inflammatory disorders
Signs & Symptoms:
Pain, especially during movement
Redness, fever, and chills
When to see the doctor?
- When you joint disabled
- Sudden Inability to move a joint
- Excessive swelling, redness, rash in the affected area
- When fever occurs
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is also called median nerve compression. When the person has this syndrome, he/she may have numbness, tingling, or weakness in the hand.
It occurs due to the pain on your median nerve, which runs the length of your arm, goes through a passage in your wrist called the carpal tunnel, and ends in your hand.
Usually, people do not know how it causes to them. It causes due to:
- Repetitive motions like typing, wrist movements
- Thyroid Dysfunction
- High Blood Pressure
- Fracture or Trauma to the wrist
Signs & Symptoms
- Ache and Pain in the fingers
- Numb hands
- Week thumb difficulty in gripping
Your doctor may ask some questions and conduct some tests. Here is the treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:
History of Symptoms: Your doctor will review the pattern of your history. After reviewing history, they would move for medications or medical examinations.
Physical Examination: Depends upon your condition, you’ll have to go for a physical examination to know the strength of the muscles of your hand.
X-Ray: Some Doctors may recommend you for the X-Ray. However, X –Rays are not fruitful while diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Electromyography: This test measures the tiny electrical discharges produced in muscles. Throughout the test, your doctor inserts a thin needle electrode into specific muscles to evaluate the electrical activity when muscles contract and rest.